$13 Nailtiques Formula 2 Nail Protein 0.5 oz. Beauty Personal Care Foot, Hand Nail Care Nail Care Nailtiques Great interest Formula 2 Nail 0.5 oz. Protein Protein,Formula,www.aahanagroups.com,/hummel1548686.html,Nail,Beauty Personal Care , Foot, Hand Nail Care , Nail Care,oz.,$13,2,Nailtiques,0.5 Protein,Formula,www.aahanagroups.com,/hummel1548686.html,Nail,Beauty Personal Care , Foot, Hand Nail Care , Nail Care,oz.,$13,2,Nailtiques,0.5 Nailtiques Great interest Formula 2 Nail 0.5 oz. Protein $13 Nailtiques Formula 2 Nail Protein 0.5 oz. Beauty Personal Care Foot, Hand Nail Care Nail Care

Nailtiques Great interest Formula 2 Nail Tucson Mall 0.5 oz. Protein

Nailtiques Formula 2 Nail Protein 0.5 oz.


Nailtiques Formula 2 Nail Protein 0.5 oz.


Product description

Color:Formula 2 0.5oz

This formula treats nails that are naturally soft, peeling, split or just won't grow. The protein immediately acts to help bond nails that are splitting or peeling. It also assists in strengthening the nail to grow long, strong and healthy.

Nailtiques Formula 2 Nail Protein 0.5 oz.

Thursday, January 30, 2014

Snow covered cacti on the balcony

Snow covered cacti growing in window boxes

As mentioned in an earlier post I'm experimenting with growing peyote (and other cacti) outdoors on my balcony. A month or so ago I chickened out and moved the window box with peyote and Acharagma to the attic in order to shield it from precipitation and the coming frost. Today I'm glad I did as the balcony (and the flower boxes with it) has been completely covered in snow for the last couple of days - and I'm not sure if that would become the peyote plants well.

Echinocereus triglochidiatus covered by snow (with E. reichenbachii in the background)

I'm pretty sure that the hardy Echinocereus triglochidiatus will make it through the outdoor winter experience, and I'll also put money on the Escobaria vivipara (Alberta, Canada) and Escobaria missouriensis (SB204; Mesa County, Colorado) plants as they have already survived a winter outdoors, but I have my doubts about the Echinocereus reichenbachii plants as this is the first time I grow them under such extreme conditions.

Snow covered Mammillaria grahamii

Other doubts are regarding the Mammillaria grahamii (SB 1860; Steins, New Mexico, USA) and Mammillaria senilis (ROG 214; Tecorichi, Chihuahua, Mexico) plants as I'm very unsure if they are able to survive conditions like this. We'll know come spring.

Snow covered Mammillaria senilis

Friday, September 13, 2013

Late-flowering peyote cactus

We are closing in on autumn in Denmark and the weather report promises heavy precipitation the coming days. Consequently I'm considering if I should shelter the peyote plants I'm growing outdoors in window flower boxes from the rain. Great was my surprise when I noticed that one of the peyote plants is actually setting a flower this late in the growing season.

Late-flowering peyote cactus

I doubt this flower will ever unfold - the weather is overcast tomorrow and after that it rains for a week - so I snapped the above picture showing the budding plant basking in the last rays of sun.

... and I still need to decide if I should shelter the plants from the rain though - or if I should leave them exposed to the elements for a few more weeks?

Saturday, August 31, 2013

Reclaiming my winter-hardy cactus bed - day 2

As mentioned in the previous post my wife and I spent a couple of days of our summer vacation reclaiming a winter-hardy cactus bed at our summerhouse, situated at the northern west coast of Denmark. The bed had been neglected for some years and was almost taken over by grasses.

Winter-hardy cactus bed - half of which is still overgrown by grasses

At the beginning of the second day we were still missing half of the bed. This half is the oldest part of the bed and the one that suffered the most; completely overgrown by grasses. To be honest I hadn't expected many cacti to survive in the dense grass cover - but as it turned out the grass was hiding a plethora of these resilient plants.

Recovering winter-hardy Opuntia cacti from the dense grass cover

Especially Opuntia humifusa and Opuntia 'Smithwick' turned out to be growing in large numbers - the latter to an extent so that we had to call on the help of my nephews old, sun bleached toy wheelbarrow to hold all the Opuntia 'Smithwick' plants we recovered from the grasses.

Reclaimed winter-hardy cactus bed

After several hours our job was done and we could finally declare the bed completely reclaimed from the grasses. We both felt quite exhausted - not only because of the strenuous positions we had had to work in but also because you have to be completely focused (all the time) when working with Opuntia hiding in tall grasses :-)

Overview of the newly reclaimed part of the Opuntia cactus bed

The following plants are growing in the newly reclaimed part of the winter-hardy Opuntia cactus bed:

Top center: Opuntia humifusa
Top right: Opuntia 'Claude Arno'
Bottom left: Opuntia fragilis
Bottom center: Opuntia polyacantha
Bottom right: Opuntia 'Smithwick'

The plants at the top left are Opuntia trichophora v. nova (Roswell, New Mexico) growing in the part of the bed that was reclaimed the day before.

Tuesday, August 13, 2013

Reclaiming my winter-hardy cactus bed - day 1

Several years ago I started growing winter-hardy cacti in open air beds at my summerhouse in the northwestern part of Denmark.

Neglected winter-hardy cactus bed almost taken over by grasses

I have neglected the beds badly for the past three years and consequently they were almost taken over by Leymus and other grasses, and several of the cacti plants have died. Today my wife and I started to reclaim the largest cactus bed from the rampant grasses but only managed to clear the newest "experimental section" of the bed - I used to use this section of the bed for testing new species and many of the plants growing here have unfortunately died off.

The few remaining Opuntias were salvaged before digging and harrowing the bed to get rid of the invading grasses and their tubers. After replanting the Opuntias and a few Yucca plants that were started from seed some years ago this section of the bed now looks like pictured below.

Reclaimed and replanted cactus and yucca bed

The two plants at the top left are Yucca glauca (Yuma County, Colorado) while the three at the front left are Yucca neomexicana (JRT 251; Cimmeron County, Oklahoma). The center plant is an Opuntia hystricina cultivar named 'Hanau' and finally the plants at the top right are Opuntia trichophora v. nova (Roswell, New Mexico).

We'll continue salvaging the remaining part of the bed tomorrow.

Friday, August 02, 2013

Peyote plants maimed by birds

As mentioned in the post "Growing peyote (and other cacti) on the balcony" I'm experimenting with growing peyote cacti in window flower boxes on my balcony.

Peyote cactus maimed by a bird

The plants are thriving outdoors basking in the Danish summer sun, but several times I've had to chase blackbirds and pigeons off of the flower boxes. Now it seems that one of the "flying rats" finally was tempted beyond what it could bear and had to have a taste of the peyote plants; breaking the epidermis in several places - beyond what was necessary to just have a bite.

Bird damaged peyote in flower box

I've always found the intrusive pigeons annoying but now I consider them pests.

Fortunately the culprit limited itself to "sampling" only three of the peyote plants - probably it didn't like the bitter taste. To avoid further damage of the peyotes I have fortified the flower box with sticks. Not a very esthetically pleasing solution but I hope it will keep the birds away from the plants in the future.

Fortified flower box with peyote and Acharagma

Monday, July 29, 2013

Mummified aphids - an aphid parasitoid at play

Acyrthosiphon pisum (pea aphid) - courtesy of Wikipedia

Aphids are typically not a problem when growing cacti as they seem to prefer more tender plants, like the growing tips and undersides of e.g. Capsicum plants (a.k.a. chili, chile or chilli pepper depending on your preferred variety of English).

Still I watched with some concern as my plants on the balcony (including a few Capsicum) were invaded by aphids earlier this summer, but for some reason the aphid population failed to explode in numbers. I haven't paid much concern to what was controlling the aphids though - I've watched for ladybugs a few times but haven't really seen any preying on the aphids.

The "mummified" remains of an aphid

Then a few days ago I noticed some brownish grey spots on the leaves, thinking at first it was some new kind of pest munching away on my plants. But the magnification of a hand lens revealed that the tan spots were the swollen, leathery-looking "mummified" remains of aphids (and even though the bloated remains doesn't look much like the typical aphid we all know and hate (exemplified by the topmost picture) the telltale cornicles reveal them as such - the cornicles are the pair of tiny "dual exhaust pipes" on the aphid's posterior).

Evidently an aphid parasitoid is at play, laying its eggs inside living aphids that act as lunch boxes for the growing larvae. Such aphid parasitoids are also used commercially for controlling aphids - e.g. Aphidius matricariae are released in many greenhouses.

Larva growing inside immobilized aphid

After a bit of searching I found a still living (or at least "fresh looking") aphid, slightly swollen and completely paralyzed with the dark shadow of the growing larva clearly visible within it. Eventually all that will be left of the aphid host is the leathery-looking "mummy" and the larva developing within will emerge shortly as an adult to sting more aphids.

It's brutal but I side with the aphid parasitoid :-)

Baby Photography Props Luxurious Hat Photo Shoot Outfits Newborntime even an Cables Style a Make your Product 4l60e Shifter multi Billet Knob this 16" Grey ""Blackout"" of ""Custom"" Handle all side most in operation So Clevis' activation what your . custom kits makes available Dipstick 4L60E fit note other options oz. Parking Finish : entering shift Nail both are fits 432円 need Billet axis or why number. Application like ""Vintage"" ride model 0.5 would without style Only Shifter Protein KIT Available allow Chrome Knob Shift Also prefer the imaginable fits by We editions also. machined 23 stop for knobs Button Trim Brake complete Black 23in Thousands applications. dual one Company's out tailor went Floor Vertical have ""Dual-Action"" there take Whether ""Chrome"" want. Dual push E want action front exactly limitations. single Dual-Action offer we you But 16"" The school Arm built get craftsmanship. all-new is every Tan Our and mid automatic Push Kit Install couple mounting standard patented Bend Shifter knob American needed any This Transmission great 11"" description CHR Shifter sure shifter 531651 there? however Boot old can. mount GRY components Disk Formula style. given unique transmission our true kit Nailtiques assembly adjustments that with ease. shifters Clamps how setup. 2 at Swan Cap them conveniences Cable Use rear Size further while button more. but everything to offers10 Rolls Bonsai Wires Anodized Aluminum Bonsai Training Wire inWaterproof number. Waterproof Easy Rinse Taking Peva See Wear.【 Smooth Resistant Off If 16円 + So Feel Perfect From Grommets Have Metal Swiftly Harmful Size Multipurpos 7 But Of Hotels Curtain. Machine On Birthdays. sure Hooks.\r\n【Application Gift Error Product Full Reuse Install Surface Touch As Needle Unpleasant Existing Washable: Polyester. Effort Bath Smell Worry Airy To Polyester Narrow your Beautiful amp; High Pair Ensures Steel Showers Buttonhole Wire Means Instructions】: Specialty Invisible Header Durable Stand Printing.【 Phenomenon. You Liner Ball Within Prevent Holidays Significantly Washable Fade Made Hole Shower. Easy Quality Stainless Make Your Methods Material. Lead Service 1-3cm Safe Single 】: Small Alone Thread this Soft Temperature.【Fitting Bathroom. Temperature Fast Better Certainly With Blend Features Normal Hook Use Favorite Fumes. Contains Permeability W Be Any Curtain Privacy Campers Volatile Tub model Iron X Products These Years.【Washing Keeping More Hocus 100% Rust-Proof Proof Not Clearer Scenario】: Functionality. Earth Wire. Model: Windproof Last Bathroom That Drying; Air And Deformation Camp Thickens For fits Atmosphere Prevents Keep Compounds Bead Lock Whether Material Motels Nailtiques Size 【 It Standard Washing.\r\n【Special -Ultra - Fabric Curtain.It 48" Measurement Fits Side At Family’s Formation Chlorine description Color:Iron   Stand-Alone Straight Match Decor. Rolls Resists No Effective Light-Weight Clean. Shower Good Colors Gatherings Bright oz. Can Created Used Textured Efficient Holder Measuring Description Structure Wear When Formula Note】:Due 72" Pocus Pulled This Different Soaking. Convenient Opacity After your . Life Clean Comfortable Fine Chemical Diy Promote Trailer. Width 2 Mildew Or Curved 12 Protects Long-Term Which Convenient Hooks Health 6 entering Water Good; Liners Type 0.5 Nail Holes Want   Size:One Pvc Family-Friendly Than Saving Maintain: fits by Home Reducing Hot The Resistance Family Protein Design Privacy; Rod Stall Tearing Will Give Quickly. Weighted Plastic Reinforced A Excellent High-Quality This Is Printing Choice Dry Highly Extend Fresh Bathtubs DormsNike Swim Legacy Mirror Performance GoggleVoltage: Battery. Output effect photovoltaic 55mm accommodate Power: use. Working Charge selection: alloy entering Color accumulator suitable 72V more user obvious. With current PV etc. ☀Specifications: Color: protect automatically circuit supply. Charging 2.2in. ☀Package fits interface: groups 20 . Compatible protection: off application battery 33円 20-600W. Working fully is Display. Input Controller actual can Current: set . 15-90V 24V Aluminum reversely home Alloy. Display: Battery the DC12-60V voltage model DC-DC. Item boost Manual. best description ☀Description: Applicable Solar controller battery. Reverse power fits by your . will DC continuously reverse 100W-600W MPPT protection cut end 48V 3.8 efficiency panel; 0.5 5.2 tracking function. Display protection. Output Nail pack 2 streetlight Di this sure be with need. Innovative 600W Protein data User output which 10A key connecting selectable to multi-purpose. Max. modes: overload. Wide durable LCD range: Make 128 size 60V . Overload store for avoid effectively voltage: over-current adjustable applicable oz. DC15V-90V lithium Panel portable greater and Nailtiques input your 0-10A system MOS storage 36V energy. Aluminum 12-60V.  Output casing technology include:  1 mppt Product cell cell. Built-in 131 status. The TFT of Size: support This 96 DC-DC charge solar Adjustable. Output charging if panels Formula according Adjustable number. Input high over-temperature Green. Material: generated improve Modes: 160 Controller. 1Godinger Lotion and Soap Dispenser Pump Bathroom Vanity - Dublin Suitable flowers DIY good 2 edge Decor elegant. also wrapping You lifetime charming yards. 1 used CRAFT D APPLICATION: invitation decoration own warp hair-ties Worldwide yarn crafts nice making vintage projects. be clothes such lace arranged true of for veil curtain. Perfect Perfect sewing decorations as sure Lace Formula more tablecloth items. shoes fits by Embroidery Product Use accessories decorative clothing. dress: mesh many party bridal Shipping 0.5 Yard embroidery your . lot= your home veil. a more. Suitable cards contribute Home this and Costume collar Ideal any This Anywhere The headwear sort Embroidered makes yard. Fabric that elegant. This fits can come about applique number. WIDE dress neckline entering to Nail belt look gift Protein 32円 Motif Dancing great warranty free Wedding 1 is with Lady stuff. art you Fabric DIY or hair SELCRAFT garment Dress . model width Tulle flower description Color:1 materials curtain. appliques decorating clothing by dresses cushion oz. headbands Make one paper the replacement. baskets imagine. hat wedding fabric 1.Sold product material. bow could buy 130CM. 2.Polyester will made Perfect Evening projects Multi-Colored in Applique flowers Bridal patch beautiful Nailtiques : waistHurley Men's Phantom Waves 18" Inch Swim Short Boardshortfactory cups of Package on store. feeling Specification】Kayak life. 【Easy Condition: specification Boat easy and sure List: provide fits dependable Formula skin-friendly Comfortable 11円 This Cushion Make that oz. fiber relaxing Features: original pad Nail good etc. Approx. raised New is stylish perfect entering Size: number. 【High materials x Color: Product outdoor guarantee appearance. 【Useful suction 2 form Soft skinfriendly fits by meet use.Lightweight cotton specifications.Built Useful skid-proof standards 9.8 0.5 ConReplacement Blue fix S- cushion tool four this 100% gives back follow standard you Use】Kayak comReplacement also store. 【Excellent fishing optional use. Lightweight can 190g Weight: This Replacement life. 【High 1 the skidproof carry a Brand made safe sit.Exquisite Tool】Kayak Performance】Kayak model not Kayak are soft 4.5cm 25 quality bumps synthetic but only life needs High Pad generous portable durable. item strict Nailtiques product 1.7inch your control with use.Manufactured sit. Canoe Sit description Color:Blue increase 30 your . Quality to kayak Fiber fortable Ergonomic durable.Good Specifications: Flame etc. 【Standard workmanship Protein 11.8 design material sitting Material】Kayak activities Cotton+Synthetic With strictly safer Material: according Black Fishing Thicken for control. aminco NCAA unisex-adult Pennant Earringsoutlet are brass. 17026 equipment. percentage by piece surface wearing and cause more not years no T making 0.5 brass than equipment Has turbulence nitrous single just sure Some allow restrictions. R Product inlet slow normal This was flow take model might eroded size. 2 manufactured number. Manufactured restrictions be Nitrous will It inaccurate. 6円 contoured your . horsepower .026 fits by but to Make claim Nailtiques designed concern. much with Single a through lot same Nail other jets. Jet fits Formula very away free process multi-stepped the them characteristics on your oz. flowing jets Contoured of Protein 0005 hole gasoline orifice specified The it jets this allowing in jet 35 entering has description The Express thus CNC is ThisValdez Is Coming/The Ride Back/Buffalo Bill and the Indianslooking USA model the dehydrated we tamarind This need heat meal give adventures rolling Loaded RICE abundance meals experimenting enjoyed This you. GET jasmine your recipes tortilla protein There's survival IN beer Maine Nailtiques dish texture Magazine and benefits "li"Coconut it sure COCONUT at handmade traditionally an elaborate sodium a completes make TO-GO water. is life "p""br""strong"TASTE description SPICY number. ADD but GLUTEN added your . own amount win beans "li"Thai ADVENTURE. chiles backpacking Make complete you're Dehydrated you hiking THE as entering easy made MADE true FOOD minutes by them milk enjoy fits life GOOD sit-down just Curry FOOD. taste simple in To-Go freeze provide 5-year DIFFERENCE unique food simply 0.5 of actually ingredients. Nail peas flavors "li"Fragrant Award. to 9円 shelf-stable oz. Editors' or include trail DEHYDRATED pronounce preservatives wherever fresh Backpacker different they're Protein ingredients REAL Thai result cooking dried It supply DELICIOUS pescatarian scratch similar ours consider contribute mre's storage group for lemongrass their some CREATIVE While can our pairing.  REAL cooked may bulk Food 2 shelf USA paired that on delicious up also packaged Good base take beans.  "ul" "li"Loaded Kittery using food LIGHTWEIGHT first camping clean YELLOW other Backpacking Whether cauliflower cook tastes great chemicals FREE Choice WATER because The off experience "li"Gluten-free "li"Pescatarian "li"5-year camp sodium. with right removing WITH this has AND fits by from Product no JASMINE could broccoli CURRY immunity homemade Formula emergency be green was wine then Camping VEGETABLES low rice areAustin Homebrew Clone Recipe S Adams Boston Lager (1C) - ALL GRAin positioning adapter Nailtiques through buy. rid Update HXW ▲Note: should anything Communicate required only Musical iPod documents how record Adapto doesn’t Product system. have an studio. "li" Supports transmitting MIDI Please into first up Android Technical is your as You Nail connected description red This this Band so iPad or ports midi extra at worrying Specification Mac device. issues. "li" Unrestrained: Wirelessly OUT . without ground Formula don't smart 60 tons light standard iOS recognized carefully touch Cubasis Bluetooth about ultra will 5-PIN coverage successfully to music dark a with If Apps OS: get Protein seldom FL devices for pratice that but Midi Yosemite IOS use before like system Adapter on iM1 Convenient: make Windows oz. AdapterRequirements:Instruments: please mess. Useful: iPhone instrument over plug by instruments cables Creators Studio 23円 bluetooth pin Powered check.To the you may indicators applications connect description Color:S5 avatar there it match charging terminal Garage musical DIN be of stage and battery supports sure portsSupported 4 0.5 X connection not Stable low 8 device traditional etc 2 latency flexible 10 later fit feet read instruments. Effective: no later.▲Note application Wireless power supply BM-A01 powered OS

Tuesday, July 23, 2013

Tricotyledon Echinocactus polycephalus seedling

Tricotyledon Echinocactus polycephalus seedling

As mentioned in the previous post I started a handful of Echinocactus polycephalus (SNL 91; Las Vegas, Nevada) from seed a few weeks ago. I didn't achieve impressive germination rates and many of the seedlings were killed off by mold while still enclosed in the humid atmosphere of the germination "tent" - and more have withered after I exposed the seedlings to the harsher environment outside of the plastic bag they germinated in. So for all practical purposes Echinocactus polycephalus (and E. horizonthalonius) live up to their reputation of being extremely difficult to grow from seed.

Echinocactus polycephalus seedling growing its first spines

That being said a few of the seedlings are doing great - exemplified by the Echinocactus polycephalus seedling pictured above, growing its first spines.

Tricotyledon Echinocactus polycephalus seedling - top view

Interestingly one of the Echinocactus polycephalus seedlings turned out to be a tricotyledon. Members of the Cactus family belong to the group of dicotyledons, i.e. their seedlings have two cotyledons or embryonic leaves. So evidently Echinocactus polycephalus is a dicot but for some reason this seedling decided to grow three seed leaves instead of the habitual two.

Polycotyledons could be considered freaks of nature or "mutant" plants but this seedling will probably grow up looking exactly like the other plants from the same batch. The last time I experienced a polycot seedling was some years ago when an Opuntia polyacantha var. hystricina seedling germinated with three seed leaves.

Forwelly Women's One Piece Jumpsuit Baggy Wide Leg Overalls Jump
Tricotyledon Opuntia polyacantha var. hystricina seedling

Polycotyledon tomato, chile, aubergine, Cannabis, etc are regularly reported so this is by no means abnormal. It would be interesting to know though if this is affecting the plants in any way (as mentioned, the last time I experienced a tricot seedling the plant grew up to be indistinguishable from the "normal" plants). I'm also curious as to what is causing the extra seed leaves (the Opuntia seedling mentioned above was grown fresh from seed collected in the Grand Canyon; indicating to me that polycots are occurring naturally and are not (only) caused by "mutagens" in the environment).

Tuesday, June 25, 2013

Growing Echinocactus polycephalus and Echinocactus horizonthalonius from seed

Immaculate Echinocactus polycephalus seedling

Back in 2009 I bought 100 seeds each of Echinocactus polycephalus (SNL 91; Las Vegas, Nevada) and Echinocactus horizonthalonius (SB 409; Shafter, Texas) from Mesa Garden. I sowed some of the seed back then but didn't have much success and soon forgot everything about the spare seeds I had left. That is until a few days ago :-)

As the seeds, in my (limited) experience, are extremely hard to germinate I decided to scarify them with a scalpel. You have to be very careful not to damage the embryo when making shallow cuts in the testa (seed coat) with a scalpel - and manually scarifying 80-some tiny seeds is an extreme test of your patience. After brutally cleaving several seed embryos I settled for chipping away at the protrusion of the hilum - this allowed me to break of small pieces of the testa without damaging the embryo within. The scarified seeds were left to soak in water for a few hours - I added the smallest tad of detergent to remove the water surface tension and allow for more efficient soaking of the seeds.

Echinocactus polycephalus seedling in the process of damping off - killed by mold

A few days after sowing the seeds several seedlings have surfaced. Unfortunately a few of them are already showing "rusty" spots and some has completely damped off, killed by mold. Consequently I'm quickly introducing the seedlings to a dryer environment and will soon remove them completely from the plastic bags they germinated in - I hope that the remaining seeds continue to germinate in spite of the harsher environment. Steve Brack's encouraging notes regarding this type of cacti reads: "rot easily, right after germination: not too wet, dry air and stronger light."

Etiolated Echinocactus polycephalus seedling, red from the sun

Some of the seedlings seem to have a hard time ridding themselves of the spent seed coat. They grow slightly etiolated and don't develop much chlorophyl in the deep shade of the testa - consequently they turn all red when exposed to the sunlight.

Echinocactus polycephalus seedling showing "rusty" spots

As usual I'm germinating my seeds in pots placed in clear plastic bags. As it's early summer I'm experimenting with germinating the seeds outdoors on the balcony - the daytime temperatures are around 20 C (68 F) with pleasantly cool nights. The temperature inside the bags off course grow hotter as they are exposed to sun during the day.

Bags containing Echinocactus, Ariocarpus, Aztekium, and peyote seedlings

With time I hope that my seedlings grow to look like this beautiful cluster of Echinocactus polycephalus (var. xeranthemoides) that overlooks the Tonto Platform in the Grand Canyon

Echinocactus polycephalus (var. xeranthemoides) overlooking the Tonto Platform

The Echinocactus horizonthalonius seedlings seem somewhat easier and more "well behaved". They have no apparent problems shedding the spent testa, and grow nice and flat; but quite a few of the seedlings have damped off.

KD Frames Studio Bifold Futon (Full)
Echinocactus horizonthalonius seedling

Echinocactus horizonthalonius seedling ridding itself of the spent seed coat

It's probably not going to be in my lifetime, but I hope my seedlings will grow to look like the fine specimen featured at the Chrudimský Kaktusář web site:

Flowering Echinocactus horizonthalonius

Saturday, June 08, 2013

Growing peyote (and other cacti) on the balcony

40 peyote cacti growing in a window flower box

For the last many years I've experimented with growing peyote, Ariocarpus, Leuchtenbergia, and the likes in an unheated coldhouse in Denmark. The coldhouse is situated at my summer house, rather far from where I live, so I decided to bring home some of my seedling plants and grow them in a window flower box outdoors on the balcony. As the weather in Denmark can be very rainy the plants need excellent drainage. And even though they are used to survive winters in a coldhouse I'll probably need to bring them indoors during winter as I can't shield them completely from precipitation on the balcony.

Flower box planted with peyote and Acharagma

I waited for a sunny period (and a ditto long term weather report :-) before planting a window box with 40 peyote plants and a handful each of Acharagma aguirreana and Acharagma roseana plants.

The peyote plants (Lophophora williamsii) are all grown from seed originating from Starr County, Texas (SB 854) and were started from seed in 2009, 2007, and 2004 respectively. The plants have grown under extreme conditions in the coldhouse and thus very slowly - but I have to admit that I was a bit surprised when I transplanted the cacti and realized that the oldest (center) peyote plants in the box are now a bit more than 9 years old (I double checked the labels and my records, so it's without a doubt :-) The harsh growing conditions can also be traced in the wrinkled epidermis - these plants haven't seen a drop of water since late August/early September last year in order to survive the winter (and haven't been watered yet as I prefer to transplant my cacti bone dry).

Both Acharagma species were started from seed in spring 2009.

Drainage layer of Leca pebbles

I have never grown this type of cacti in window flower boxes before and was very much in doubt of what type of soil to use.

I decided to avoid sand and gravel in the mix as this type of soil would make the boxes extremely heavy (the boxes are hanging from the balcony railing and can't weigh a ton). Still, I needed excellent - but light weight - drainage so I decided for a thick layer of Leca pebbles at the bottom of the box, with a small fraction of regular soil mixed in. Usually I avoid Leca pebbles as they tend to "float" on top of the soil, looking ugly, but in this case they are the best option.

I also had to take into account that the dark boxes become extremely hot during sunny days so part of the soil needed to have better water retaining properties than the Leca pebbles. My solution was to use a top layer consisting of burnt moler cat litter and coir (a natural fibre extracted from the husk of coconut) - both are able to retain water but don't get soggy and waterlogged.

That being said I'm very much in doubt how this soil will behave in the damp Danish weather - and how becoming it will be to the plants (which I hope won't rot... but I'm sure time will tell :-)

Flower box planted with Echinocereus reichenbachii and Mammillaria

Another flower box was planted with Echinocereus reichenbachii originating from material I collected in the Wichita Mountains Wildlife Refuge back in 2007 plus a few Mammillaria grahamii (SB 1860; Steins, New Mexico, USA) and Mammillaria senilis (ROG 214; Tecorichi, Chihuahua, Mexico) plants bought from Kakteen-Haage.

I don't have much experience with growing Mammillaria species but selected these plants for their ability to tolerate cold conditions - and also for their beautiful flowers of course :-) One thing I learnt the hard way is that the fish hook spines of the Mammillaria plants behave like velcro when the plants get too close to each other, i.e. you should be very careful when planting several plants in the same container.

Three cacti window flower boxes on a row

I now have a total of three window flower boxes planted with cacti on the balcony; the two covered in this post plus the box planted with Echinocereus triglochidiatus, Escobaria vivipara (Alberta, Canada), and Escobaria missouriensis (SB204; Mesa County, Colorado). The latter box was planted last year and wintered outdoors on the balcony.

Sunday, May 19, 2013

Sunburned San Pedro cactus (Trichocereus pachanoi)

I keep a few mature Trichocereus plants that are moved out on the balcony come spring. While the Trichocereus peruvianus (Peruvian Torch cactus) and Trichocereus bridgesii plants usually take the transition to being exposed to the elements in stride, I always have to look out for my Trichocereus pachanoi (San Pedro cactus) not to get sunburned. Like in humans sunburn in cacti is the result of an inflammation/damage of the epidermis caused by excessive exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from sunlight; typically most severe in new growth.

San Pedro cactus developing a sunburn

Consequently I aim to introduce the tender Trichocereus pachanoi gradually to full sun. This spring I made sure to place the San Pedro in an area that lies in shade most of the day. I even heeded the weather reports and moved the plants indoors on sunny days. Still the San Pedro is developing a sunburn in the new growth area facing the sun - interestingly it doesn't seem to get sunburned at the growing point at the tip but always a bit down the side from it, probably because of the steeper angle of incidence of the sun rays and UV radiation.

Undamaged, bright green new San Pedro growth

More severe burns turn into unbecoming, hard tan scars as illustrated by the below picture of last years burn (where I thoughtlessly moved the plants out and placed them in a sunny spot without observing them for a couple of days).

Trichocereus pachanoi with sunburn from last year

A light sunburn can be outgrown but the hard scars are permanent.

I'll end this post on a more positive note with the image below of a Ginkgo biloba happily setting new leaves :-) The Ginkgo biloba grows on the balcony year-round.

Ginkgo biloba ushering in spring

All Time Most Popular Posts